Who killed Juanita Nielsen?

On July 4th, 1975 Juanita Nielsen, low-income housing activist, style icon and journalist, known for her large beehive hairdo, went to what she believed was a “business meeting” at The Carousel Club, Kings Cross, Sydney and vanished, never to be seen again.


Juanita Nielsen, photograph by David Farrell, 1975.

Juanita was involved in the Green Bans movement, a powerful 1970s alliance between residents and trade unions, that defended the right of low income communities to live in the inner city of Sydney, particularly in Kings Cross and Woolloomooloo.  She campaigned against the violent eviction of long term tenants on Victoria Street, Kings Cross, who were being pushed out to make way for the construction of high rise apartment blocks. Her struggle revealed dark connections between developers, organised crime, corrupt police officers and state power; her death forming a riddle which lies at the heart of contemporary Sydney.

In The Beehive Zanny Begg has teamed up with software engineer Andy Nicholson to create a randomised non-linear video installation that allows multiple versions of the story to unfold.  There are over 1344 versions of the film, each viewing offering a unique insight into this unsolved mystery.

The Beehive speculates on the circumstances of Nielsen’s murder by presenting 1,344 algorithmically generated possible scenarios, each version pieced together from documentary footage and fictional scenes involving Nielsen (played by various actors). This fragmented, non-linear approach prevents the viewer from seeing the whole picture, or fully resolving their own interpretation of events; after all, the case remains open. What is clear across versions is the connection made between gentrification and colonization, which forms the powerful central message of the work – LAURA FESLIER, ArtAsiaPacific Magazine.

The Beehive won the inaugural  $70,000 ACMI and Artbank commission and premiered at ACMI on July 31, 2018. It will feature in the 2019 Sydney Festival at UNSW Galleries. Creative Producer for the project was Philippa Bateman, Enigma Machine Productions.

While The Beehive is the important story of an unsolved murder of someone who spoke truth to power and campaigned against gentrification and the erasure of community, the film’s form makes us do the cognitive work of connecting the pieces and finding patterns. In presenting us with more versions than we will surely watch, and an awareness of material that we will not see, The Beehive highlights not only what can be known, but also what cannot – KIM MUNRO, The Conversation.

The_Beehive.00_16_24_20.Still002Pamela Rabe in The Beehive, still.

In the News:

The mystery of Juanita Nielsen’s murder is retold – 1344 times: Sydney Morning Herald, July 31, 2018
Opening The Beehive: Broadsheet, Melbourne, August 16, 2018
The Beehive, a documentary in 1,344 versions: The Conversation, Kim Munro, September 18, 2018
Mystifying filmic mosaic of Juanita Nielsen’s murder: The Guardian, Andrew Frost, August 2, 2018.
The Beehive, ArtAsiaPcific, Laura Feslier, October 2018.

0_juanita_house_ext_pb-2_864Production still of Emma Jackson. Photo Philippa Bateman.


The Beekeeper
Pamela Rabe

The Juanita’s
Koco Carey, Julie Cooper, Megan Drury, Erica Englert, Amala Groom, Vashti Hughes, Emma Jackson, Jennine Khalik, Ivy D’Orsogna, Maria Tran, Ebube Uba and Amelie Vanderstock


Bronwyn Penrith

John Glebe
Tim Burns

Saoirse Nicholson

 Carousel Club

Frank Theeman
Nicolas Hope

Eddie Trigg
Taylor Wiese

Loretta Crawford
Nyx Calder

Jim Anderson
Sebastian Goldspink

Joe Meissner
Warren Coulton

Adam Hilbery

Poker Dealer
Harrison Milas

Teneale Clifford


Julie Bates
Meredith Burgmann
Tyson Koh
David Farrell
Imogen Kelly
Ian Millis

IvyProduction still of Ivy D’Orsonga. Photo by Zanny Begg.

Zanny Begg

Producer/Script Editor
Philippa Bateman

Line Producer
Sharon Abela

Director of Photography
Emma Paine

Sound Design
Hugh Fasher

Matthew Stegh

Make Up
Annette McKenzie

David Grainger

Jasmine Guffond and James Brown

Mara Knežević

Software Engineer
Andy Nicholson

Bee Handlers
Doug Purdie and Vicky Brown, The Urban Beehive

Bee Photographs
Sam Droege

“Concrete and Glass” written and sung by Mick Fowler, 1973.

An Enigma Machine Production.  A special thanks to all supporters of The Beehive Indiegogo campaign!